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Titel:

Stonehenge


  Note: 1   Klasse: 9









Arbeit: 1. Introduction: What is Stonehenge?
2. How could they build it?
3. Myths and legends
4. Final sentence



1. Stonehenge is a Bronze Age megalithic stone circle, surround by a water-moat, in >Salisbury plain< in the English county of Welshire, but unfortunatelly most of the stones are fallen. It was build more then 5000 years ago by some clans and used until 3500 years ago. It might have been a kind of calender, but it was also a cemetry for the chief of clan. At summer solstice the sunrise lines up with some of the stones and most of the light poins through the >Heel Stone< at the middle of the circle, there might have been a kind of a sacrificial altar.



2. At this time religion and astronomy were fully mixed, that is the reason why there are lots of theories about the building of Stonehenge. Everything is made out of stones, called >sarsen<. They got this stones out of a mountain 10km away from the place where they build Stonehenge! Each stone is 14feet high and got 5 tons, and they used nearly 300! There are many possible ways of tansporting this big stones: The most people suppose that they rolled the stones over treetrucks, but an experiment shows that it would take to much people and exertion to do it this way. Pulley blocks is a popular presumption, but they weren´t invent in the Bronze Age. Every way they could have done, it was much expenditure of time and force.



3. There are lots of myths and legends about the building of Stonehenge.
In the stone circle is one stone is missing, but some meters away is a stone, the >Heel Stone<, which would fit perfectly in the whole in the circle. A famous legend about this is the >Arthurian legend<, but the most popular one is the >Friar´s Heel Stone legend< :
`The Devil bought stones from a woman in Ireland. There one of them fell in the >Avon<, the rest were carried to >Salisbury plain<.The Devil cried out, “Nobody will ever find out how these stones came here”. When he realized,that a friar heard him, he suddenly threw one of the stones at him and the stone stuck him on the heel in the ground and this stone is today still there...´






4. In Newseeland some scientists made an awesome reproduction in orignal size out of styropor and paint it. They even build the stones, which are fallen.
In Egypt and South America you can find simular buildings from the same time, which is strange, because the people who build the one in England can´t tell the people in the other countries, because 5000 years ago they had no ships, which could drive from England to Egypt, or even to South America.
Stonehenge is one of the most mystical, powerfull and enigmatical place in the world, some people even claim, it has magic powers or it was build by Aliens.
Are we ever going to find out the StonehengeSecret?









Quelle: books about stonehenge, several internet pages, library books, a dokumentation on N24




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