ID Thema Fach Klasse Note Downloads
2025 Immigration Laws in Great Britain Englisch 12 1 2877
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Immigration laws in Great Britain I. Immigration laws in the 1960s and 1970s - there were Race Relation Acts (’65, ’76) to reduce racism, but the immigration laws contributed to discrimination between black and white people - the Immigration Act from 1962 restricted black immigration for the first time - the Commonwealth Immigration Act (1968) : attempt to stop Kenyan Asians who had British passports coming to Britain - the Immigration Act from 1971 made immigration by black people from the Commonwealth into Britain even more difficult: Distinction between patrials (allowed to enter freely, live and work in Britain) and non-patrials (could not) -> almost all patrials were white people Reasons for changes in Immigration policy: - racist attitudes towards ethnic minority groups - changing economic needs (economic situation went worse --> unemployment) II. Acquisition of British Citizenship • By lex solis: By birth in the United Kingdom (excluding family members of foreign diplomats or consular staff) • By lex sanguinis (by descent): Children of a mother with British citizenship, or legitimate children of a father with British citizenship (provided the parent did not also acquire their citizenship by descent). • By naturalisation: o Marriage to a British citizen. Confers the right to naturalise in little over a year. Divorce within three years can affect citizenship. o Application for a job in the UK. Takes a lot of time and you have to apply for work permits every few months. Finally, after 4 years of legal residence in Britain, permanent residence rights are automatically granted. After another year the worker can apply for naturalisation. • By registration • By entering the UK and claiming asylum upon arrival III. Vocabulary - naturalisation: Einbürgerung - patrials: People born in Britain or with a parent or ancestor born in Britain - non-patrials: People born in Britain without a parent or ancestor born in Britain - acquisition: Erwerb - distinction: Unterscheidung --> verb: to distinguish
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