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411 English Interpretation of Genesis 1,26 Englisch 10 2 900
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English Interpretation of 'Genesis 1,26'
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[b]Genesis 1,26[/b] And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. [b]1. Interpretation[/b] Make man in our image Man. Genesis 1:26,27, gives the general, Genesis 2:7,21-23 the particular account of the creation of man. The revealed facts are: (1) Man was created not evolved. This is (a) expressly declared, and the declaration is confirmed by Christ Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:6, (b) "an enormous gulf, a divergence practically infinite" (Huxley) between the lowest man and the highest beast, confirms it; (c) the highest beast has no trace of God-consciousness--the religious nature; (d) science and discovery have done nothing to bridge that "gulf." (2) That man was made in the "image and likeness" of God. This image is found chiefly in man's tri-unity, and in his moral nature. Man is "spirit and soul and body" 1 Thessalonians 5:23. "Spirit" is that part of man which "knows" 1 Corinthians 2:11 and which allies him to the spiritual creation and gives him God-consciousness. "Soul" in itself implies self-consciousness life, as distinguished from plants, which have unconscious life. In that sense animals also have "soul" Genesis 1:24. But the "soul" of man has a vaster content than "soul" as applied to beast life. It is the seat of emotions, desires, affections Psalms 42:1-6. The "heart" is, in Scripture usage, nearly synonymous with "soul." Because the natural man is, characteristically, the soulual or physical man, "soul" is often used as synonymous with the individual, e.g. Genesis 12:5. The body, separable from spirit and soul, and susceptible to death, is nevertheless an integral part of man, as the resurrection shows ; John 5:28,29; 1 Corinthians 15:47-50; Revelation 20:11-13. It is the seat of the senses (the means by which the spirit and soul have world-consciousness) and of the fallen Adamic nature. Romans 7:23,24. [b]2. Interpretation[/b] Adam red, a Babylonian word, the generic name for man, having the same meaning in the Hebrew and the Assyrian languages. It was the name given to the first man, whose creation, fall, and subsequent history and that of his descendants are detailed in the first book of Moses (Gen (Genesis 5). "God created man [Heb., Adam] in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them." Creation "In the beginning" God created, i.e., called into being, all things out of nothing. This creative act on the part of God was absolutely free, and for infinitely wise reasons. The cause of all things exists only in the will of God. The work of creation is attributed (1) to the Godhead (Genesis 1:1,26); (2) to the Father (1 Corinthians 8:6); (3) to the Son (John 1:3; Colossians 1:16,17); (4) to the Holy Spirit (Genesis 1:2; Job 26:13; Psalms 104:30). The fact that he is the Creator distinguishes Jehovah as the true God (Isaiah 37:16; 40:12,13; 54:5; Psalms 96:5; Jeremiah 10:11,12). The one great end in the work of creation is the manifestation of the glory of the Creator (Colossians 1:16; Revelation 4:11; Romans 11:36). God's works, equally with God's word, are a revelation from him; and between the teachings of the one and those of the other, when rightly understood, there can be no contradiction. Man • Heb. 'Adam, used as the proper name of the first man. The name is derived from a word meaning "to be red," and thus the first man was called Adam because he was formed from the red earth. It is also the generic name of the human race (Genesis 1:26,27; 5:2; 8:21; Deuteronomy 8:3). Its equivalents are the Latin homo and the Greek anthropos (Matthew 5:13,16). It denotes also man in opposition to woman (Genesis 3:12; Matthew 19:10). • Heb. 'ish, like the Latin vir and Greek aner, denotes properly a man in opposition to a woman (1 Samuel 17:33; Matthew 14:21); a husband (Genesis 3:16; Hosea 2:16); man with reference to excellent mental qualities. • Heb. 'enosh, man as mortal, transient, perishable (2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 8:1; Job 15:14; Psalms 8:4; 9:19,20; 103:15). It is applied to women (Joshua 8:25). • Heb. geber, man with reference to his strength, as distinguished from women (Deuteronomy 22:5) and from children (Exodus 12:37); a husband (Proverbs 6:34). • Heb. methim, men as mortal (Isaiah 41:14), and as opposed to women and children (Deuteronomy 3:6; Job 11:3; Isaiah 3:25). Man was created by the immediate hand of God, and is generically different from all other creatures (Genesis 1:26,27; 2:7). His complex nature is composed of two elements, two distinct substances, viz., body and soul (Genesis 2:7; Eccl 12:7; 2co 5:1-8). The words translated "spirit" and "soul," in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, Hebrews 4:12, are habitually used interchangeably (Matthew 10:28; 16:26; 1 Peter 1:22). The "spirit" (Gr. pneuma) is the soul as rational; the "soul" (Gr. psuche) is the same, considered as the animating and vital principle of the body. Man was created in the likeness of God as to the perfection of his nature, in knowledge (Colossians 3:10), righteousness, and holiness (Ephesians 4:24), and as having dominion over all the inferior creatures (Genesis 1:28). He had in his original state God's law written on his heart, and had power to obey it, and yet was capable of disobeying, being left to the freedom of his own will. He was created with holy dispositions, prompting him to holy actions; but he was fallible, and did fall from his integrity (3:1-6). (See FALL .) [b]3. Interpretation[/b] Man • Made for God Proverbs 16:4; Revelation 4:11 • God’s purpose in creation completed by making Genesis 2:5,7 • Cannot profit God Job 22:2; Psalms 16:2 • Unworthy of God’s favour Job 7:17; Psalms 8:4 • CREATED o By God Genesis 1:27; Isaiah 45:12 o By Christ John 1:3; Colossians 1:16 o By the Holy Spirit Job 33:4 o After consultation, by the Trinity Genesis 1:26 o On the sixth day Genesis 1:31 o Upon the earth Deuteronomy 4:32; Job 20:4 o From the dust Genesis 2:7; Job 33:6 o In the image of God Genesis 1:26,27; 1 Corinthians 11:7 o After the likeness of God Genesis 1:26; James 3:9 o Male and female Genesis 1:27; 5:2 o A living soul Genesis 2:7; 1 Corinthians 15:45 o In uprightness Ecclesiastes 7:29 o In knowledge (inferred) Colossians 3:10 o Under obligations to obedience Genesis 2:16,17 o A type of Christ Romans 5:14 • Approved of by God Genesis 1:31 • Blessed by God Genesis 1:28; 5:2 • Placed in the garden of Eden Genesis 2:15 • Every herb and tree given to, for food Genesis 1:29 • Allowed to eat flesh after the flood Genesis 9:3 • Not good for, to be alone Genesis 2:18 • Woman formed to be a help for Genesis 2:20-25 • POSSESSED OF o A Body Matthew 6:25 o A soul Luke 12:20; Acts 14:22; 1 Peter 4:19 o A spirit Proverbs 18:14; 20:17; 1 Corinthians 2:11 o Understanding Ephesians 1:18; 4:18 o Will 1 Corinthians 9:17; 2 Peter 1:21 o Affections 1 Chronicles 29:3; Colossians 3:2 o Conscience Romans 2:15; 1 Timothy 4:2 o Memory Genesis 41:9; 1 Corinthians 15:2 • Made by God in his successive generations Job 10:8-11; 31:15 • Fearfully and wonderfully made Psalms 139:14 • Of every nation, made of one blood Acts 17:26 • Quickened by the breath of God Genesis 2:7; 7:22; Job 33:4 • Made wise by the inspiration of the Almighty Job 32:8,9 • Inferior to angels Psalms 8:5; Hebrews 2:7 • Is of the earth earthy 1 Corinthians 15:47 • Nature and constitution of, different from other creatures 1 Corinthians 15:39 • More valuable than other creatures Matthew 6:26; 10:31; 12:12 • Wiser than other creatures Job 35:11 • Received dominion over other creatures Genesis 1:28; Psalms 8:6-8 • Gave names to other creatures Genesis 2:19,20 • Intellect of, matured by age 1 Corinthians 13:11 • COMPARED TO o Grass Isaiah 40:6-8; 1 Peter 1:24 o Clay in the potter’s hand Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 18:2,6 o Vanity Psalms 144:4 o A sleep Psalms 90:5 o A wild ass’s colt Job 11:12 • Originally naked and not ashamed Genesis 2:25 • Disobeyed God by eating part of the forbidden fruit Genesis 3:1-12 • Filled with shame after the fall Genesis 3:10 • Covered himself with fig leaves Genesis 3:7 • Clothed by God with skins Genesis 3:21 • Punished for disobedience Genesis 3:16-19 • Banished from paradise Genesis 3:23,24 • Involved posterity in his ruin Romans 5:12-19 • Has sought out many inventions Ecclesiastes 7:29 • Born in sin Psalms 51:5 • Born to trouble Job 5:7 • Has an appointed time on the earth Job 7:1 • Days of, compared to a shadow 1 Chronicles 29:15 • Days of, as the days of a hireling Job 7:1 • Has but few days Job 14:1 • Ordinary limit of his life Psalms 90:10 • Ignorant of what is good for him Ecclesiastes 10:2 • Ignorant of what is to come after him Ecclesiastes 10:14 • Not profited by all his labour and travail Ecclesiastes 2:22; 6:12 • Cannot direct his ways Jeremiah 10:23; Proverbs 20:24 • Walks in a vain show Psalms 39:6 • GOD o Instructs Psalms 94:10 o Orders the goings of Proverbs 5:21; 20:24 o Prepares the heart of Proverbs 16:1 o Enables to speak Proverbs 16:1 o Preserves Job 7:20; Psalms 36:6 o Provides for Psalms 145:15,16 o Destroys the hopes of Job 14:19 o Makes the wrath of, to praise him Psalms 76:10 o Makes his beauty consume away Psalms 39:11 o Turns to destruction Psalms 90:3 • Cannot be just with God Job 9:2; 25:4; Psalms 143:2; Romans 3:20 • Cannot cleanse himself Job 15:14; Jeremiah 2:22 • All the ways of, clean in his own eyes Proverbs 16:2 • Shall be recompensed according to his works Psalms 62:12; Romans 2:6 • Cannot retain his spirit from death Ecclesiastes 8:8 • Would give all his possessions for the preservation of life Job 2:4 • Able to sustain bodily affliction Proverbs 18:14 • Sinks under trouble of mind Proverbs 18:14 • No trust to be placed in Psalms 118:8; Isaiah 2:22 • The help of, vain Psalms 60:11 • The whole duty of Ecclesiastes 12:13
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