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9 Geschichte der Sklaven Slavery Englisch 9 2+ 2152
Kurzbeschreibung
Geschichte der Sklaven - Slavery
Inhalt des Referats
[b]background:[/b] -15. century colonisation - slavery at first in Portugal - needed worves for colonisatio - 1444 beginning of slave markets in Portugal => taken from west-african coast - slavery began in Spain - arabian sold from Central Africa in Arabia, India, Iran, became slaves - in America 20 - 100 MIo slaves in the whole space of time ---------> end - in 1619 first african slaves brought to Jamestown - subject to the limited servitude ( status which all indian,white and black servants in the colonies had ) - at first only few slaves - 1641 - 1661 laws for slavery made - 17th century plantation system in North-America -> more slaves were needed - in northern colonies they had to work in the house and in the business - colonies in New York , New Yersey and Pennsylvania -> worked on farms - in War of Independence laws changed - slaves became REAL slaves ( time before : had been bound servants [b]rights of slaves:[/b] - supported when they were ill and old - got religious instructions - were allowed to be witnesses - often allowed to have property, to marry and to have free-time - were limited able to make contracts -> if carried out depending on owners - often human rights disregarded : - women raped and families splitted - got cruel treatment, were mutilated, got brands, were laid in chains and sometimes even killed ---> practiced till 19th century and people who did it weren't punished [b]slavery abolished:[/b] - 1792 in Denmark | - 1807 in England } laws made - 1808 in the USA | - 1848 in France | - 1863 in the Netherlands } slaves freed - 1888 in Brazil | [b]slavery in the 20th century:[/b] - 1929 forbidden - 1951 still people in slavery - 1956 UNO conference : slaves outlawed - 2001 children in slavery; in Togo,Mali,Benin - every year 200 000 children are sold [b]slavery in the world:[/b] antique : - was accepted - was unrenounceable slaves were prisoners of war - had to work on the fields in the middleage : - was improvement nations through invasions -> slaves became serfs Islam : -accepted from the beginning - prophet Mohammed treated gently used for housework India and China : - houseslaves, agriculture - used for great buildings Agypt : - for burial places - slaves freed after a certain time if they were egypt Aztecs,Inkas,Majas : - work in the field and for war services [b]England:[/b] - 1713 => South Sea Company supplies spanish colonies with slaves ( they got the right ) France, Holland, Denmark active till 16./17. century
Quellenangaben des Verfassers
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